Originating from the USDA-ARA breeding program, Cascade is an aroma-type cultivar bred in 1956 and released in 1972. It was developed by open pollination of a Fuggle seedling. Cascade is the most popular variety in craft brewing and is known for having a unique floral, spicy and citrus character with balanced bittering potential.
Pioneered in the 1950’s by Jack Horner and his team at Oregon State University, Cascade hops have since gone on to become one of the most popular American hops of all time. Released in 1972, Cascade now represents around 10% of all hops grown in the United States.
It features an excellent vigor and yield and when brewed exudes a distinct spicy citrus aroma with hints of grapefruit. Well suited to just about any ale and lager, its use is particularly popular in American Pale Ales. Its relatively poor storage stability tends to be a non-issue with its popularity and subsequent large production volumes from major US breweries ensuring harvests don’t sit idle for long.
Cascade was originally developed through open pollination of English variety Fuggle and the Russian variety Serebrianka and is named after the Cascade Range, mountains that run from northern California all the way north to British Columbia, Canada.
|Characteristics||Floral, with elements of citrus and notes of grapefruit|
|Purpose||Bittering & Aroma|
|Alpha Acid Composition||4.5%-8.9%|
|Beta Acid Composition||3.6%-7.5%|
|Yield Amount||2017-2465 kg/hectare (1800-2200 lbs/acre)|
|Growth Rate||Moderate to high|
|Susceptible to||Some resistance to downy mildew and verticillium wilt|
|Storability||Retains 48%-52% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF)|
|Ease of Harvest||Difficult|
|Total Oil Composition||0.8-1.5 mL/100g|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||45%-60%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||8%-16%|
|Substitutes||Centennial, Amarillo, Columbus, Ahtanum|
|Style Guide||Barley Wine, American Pale Ale, Ale, Lager|